Monday, October 4, 2010

Simple Past (English)

The simple past is used to describe events in the past.
It may combine with two aspects, the perfect and the progressive.

Form: Regular Verbs

The simple past is formed by adding  -ed at the end of an infinitive and then removing the to, for example :
  • to play become played
Verbs ending with -e add -d instead , for example:
  • to place become placed

Verbs ending with a consonant, containing one vowel and having one syllable, add the second of the last consonant and then  add -ed, also remove the to to form the simple past, for example:
  • to stop become stopped

Verbs which ending with the letter -y is being replace with an i. For example: 
  • to try become tried

Form: Irregular Verbs

All irregular verbs have different forms, for example :
  • to go become went
  • to buy become bought
  • to cut become cut
Pronoun Example verb
I stole (of to steal)
I saw (of to see)

How we use it in our daily life :

The simple past is used for actions and situations that one has completed in the past at a definite time.

The time can be given in the sentence:
  • I came home at 6 o'clock.
The time is asked about:
  • When did they get married?
One uses the past simple for repeated actions in the past.
  • We walked to school every day.
The past simple is used in stories to express actions that follow each other.
  • Charles entered the hall and looked around, he took off his coat and put it on a chair.